Platinized Titanium & Niobium Anode

Dimensionally Stable Anode

PLATINIZED METAL ANODE FOR ELECTRO PLATING - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Platinised Titanium Anodes are exclusively used in the Electro Plating Process. Tiaano Electrodes has the technology to platinum titanium substrates in the form of plate, wire, rod, tube, plate and mesh. Furthermore, we have the ability to manufacture complex fabricated anodes. The external surface of all platinised titanium anodes is essentially pure platinum which exhibits all the normal characteristics of the wrought metal as far as corrosion behaviour is concerned. The secret of the quality of a platinised anode lies in the nature of the interface between the platinum and the titanium. It is well known that normal untreated titanium presents a very inert and intractable surface when it comes to applying precious metal coatings. That this problem was overcome to an adequate extent is demonstrated by the wide acceptance of platinised titanium anodes in different industries throughout the world. Although there are still many platinum electroplated anodes produced without an adequate interlayer, they are used for less demanding applications.

What is Electroplating?

Electroplating involves passing an electric current through a solution called an electrolyte. This is done by dipping two terminals called electrodes into the electrolyte and connecting them into a circuit with a battery or other power supply. The electrodes and electrolyte are made from carefully chosen elements or compounds. When the electricity flows through the circuit they make, the electrolyte splits up and some of the metal atoms it contains are deposited in a thin layer on top of one of the electrodes—it becomes electroplated. All kinds of metals can be plated in this way, including gold, silver, tin, zinc, copper, cadmium, chromium, nickel, platinum, and lead.

Electroplating is very similar to electrolysis (using electricity to split up a chemical solution), which is the reverse of the process by which power supply produce electric currents. All these things are examples of electrochemistry: chemical reactions caused by or producing electricity that give scientifically or industrially useful end-products.

Materials we handle in the field of …

Chlor Alkali / Caustic Soda, Petro Chemical, ClO2 Plants, Fertilizers, Pulp & Paper Industries, Chlorate Industries, Bulk Drugs, Pharmaceuticals, Power & Desalination, Acetic Acid Plants, Refineries, Defense, Aerospace, Fine chemical industries etc…

PLATINUM COATED TITANIUM MESH AND PLATINUM COATED TITANIUM PLATES FOR IONIZATION - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Platinised Ionization Electrode:

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinised Titanium Electrodes for water ionizers. The essential components of the ionization chamber are its two collecting electrodes, (the anode and cathode) the anode is positively charged with respect to the cathode.

 

The Platinum Titanium electrodes create the ionization, the electrode cell is the heart of an ionizer. It consists of a series of electrodes (plates), each separated by a membrane. The Platinized Titanium Mesh Anode is mostly used, because it has outstanding practical performance, such as strong ability of ionization release, good exchange of electrolyte, close structure and light weight, etc.

 

Why platinum Anodes in Ionization process:

Most good ionizers on the market use electrodes made of platinum plated titanium. Titanium will not dissolve in your ionized water as the cheaper metals like stainless steel does. The ionizer uses grade 1 titanium (as per ASTM Standard) electrodes to be plated with a good electrical conductor. Stainless steel was used for Water Ionizer electrodes in the late 1980's and was found not be a suitable material because they did not last more than a  few years.

 

Also Increase anode lifetime without sacrificing quality, Maintain predictable and stable electrode position rates, a low consumption rate that conserves precious platinum, Favorable dimensional stability, Corrosion resistance ensures durability with easy maintainability, Light weight.

 

Platinum coated anodes are available in the following forms:

Platinum Coated Titanium Rod Anode, Platinum Coated Titanium Wire Anode, Platinum Coated Titanium Sheet / Plate Anode, Platinum Coated Titanium Expanded Mesh Anode, Platinum Coated Titanium Perforated anode, Platinum Coated Titanium Tube Anode, Platinum Coated Titanium Disc anodes, Platinum Coated Titanium Strip anodes, Platinum Coated Titanium Slotted anodes etc…

 

According to the substrate material used, the platinized anodes are classified as Platinized Titanium anodes and Platinized Niobium anodes.

Platinum coated Titanium Mesh

PLATINUM TITANIUM SLOTTED PLATES FOR ALKALINE WATER AND OXIDIZED WATER - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

The Platinum Titanium electrodes create the ionization, the electrode cell is the heart of an ionizer. It consists of a series of electrodes (plates), each separated by a membrane. The Platinized Titanium Mesh Anode is mostly used, because it has outstanding practical performance, such as strong ability of ionization release, good exchange of electrolyte, close structure and light weight, etc.

Anode Side: Platinum Plated Titanium Anode

Positively charged ions gather at the negative electrode to create reduced water, which concentrates available alkaline minerals, such as calcium, magnesium and potassium from the source water. This alkaline ionized water is drawn for drinking and cooking, through the main stainless steel spout.

Cathode Side: Platinum Plated Titanium Cathode

Negatively charged ions gather at the positive electrode to make oxidized water, which concentrates acid minerals such as nitrates, sulfides, chlorides, and fluorides from the source water. This acid ionized water has a myriad of external uses. It is discharged into the sink.

Advantages of Platinized Titanium Anodes in Ionization:-

Platinized anodes are having high current resistance

Economical due to minimum platinum requirement

Platinised anode is very high dimensional stability

Platinized anodes are having better conduction properties

Platinized anodes are having long life

Specification of Platinized Anodes in Ionization:-

Material: Platinized titanium anode (Platinum plated titanium anode)

Technology: Sand blasting, Acid washing, Electro Deposition Process

Dimension and Shape: Different dimension and shape is available, or according to custom's drawing or Design

Working Equipment: Water ionizer (Water Ionization Electrode Assembly)

Features: Effective& environment friendly method, High anti-corrosion property, High current efficiency property, Low chlorine evolution voltage, High catalytic property, Long lifetime, Light weight electrodes and Keep the operating voltage stably etc…

Types of Water Ionizer Anodes Tiaano offer:-

Platinum Plated Mesh Anode

Platinum Plated Sheet / Flat Anode

Platinum Plated Perforated Sheet Anode

Platinum Plated Slotted Sheet Anode

Platinum Plated Rod Anode

Platinum Plated Seamless Tube Anode

 

PLATINUM TITANIUM CYLINDRICAL MESH ANODE - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Platinised Titanium and Niobium Anodes for Chrome Plating Baths / Printing Rollers for hard chromium plating of rotogravure cylinders or piston rings - our semicircular, anodes are very well adapt to the cylinder shape cathodes.  In principle, there are different types of anodes are used with one or two bows and baths.

Why platinum Anodes in Electro Plating process: Increase anode lifetime without sacrificing quality, Maintain predictable and stable electrode position rates, A low consumption rate that conserves precious platinum, Favorable dimensional stability, Corrosion resistance ensures durability with easy maintainability, Light weight, as well as favorable current distribution in electroplating.

Dense crystalline layer structure and thereby good mechanical properties; Even metal distribution of the platinum layer and optimal adhesion of the titanium mesh; Long lasting (approx. 8 g platinum per 1 million Ah are removed per bath) and dimensionally stable; the base material or substrate is reusable after re-plating.  No maintenance of anodes necessary; Constant conductivity of the anodes; Very short distance from the electrode to the articles (cylinder - 4-6 cm.).  Chrome plating is essentially faster and a chrome layer is very even (cause an even current distribution and enable the use of a higher current density), due to the constant electrolyte flow through anode mesh.

What is Electroplating?

Electroplating involves passing an electric current through a solution called an electrolyte. This is done by dipping two terminals called electrodes into the electrolyte and connecting them into a circuit with a battery or other power supply. The electrodes and electrolyte are made from carefully chosen elements or compounds. When the electricity flows through the circuit they make, the electrolyte splits up and some of the metal atoms it contains are deposited in a thin layer on top of one of the electrodes—it becomes electroplated. All kinds of metals can be plated in this way, including gold, silver, tin, zinc, copper, cadmium, chromium, nickel, platinum, and lead.

 

Electroplating is very similar to electrolysis (using electricity to split up a chemical solution), which is the reverse of the process by which batteries produce electric currents. All these things are examples of electrochemistry: chemical reactions caused by or producing electricity that give scientifically or industrially useful end-products.

PLATINUM TITANIUM ELECTRODE PLATES FOR WATER IONIZATION OR IONISER – TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinised Titanium Electrodes for water ionizers. The essential components of the ionization chamber are its two collecting electrodes, (the anode and cathode) the anode is positively charged with respect to the cathode.

 

The ionizer uses grade 1 titanium electrodes to be plated with a good electrical conductor with longevity built to last 10 years that will also not dissolve during electrolysis. Stainless steel was used for Water Ionizer electrodes in the late 1980's and was found not be a suitable material because they did not last more than a few years. The industry began using titanium platinum-coated Anode in the early 1990's because of its design life.

 

Types of Water Ioniser (Ionisation) Electrodes:-

Platinum Plated Titanium Mesh Anode and Cathode

Platinum Plated Titanium Sheet / Flat Anode and Cathode

Platinum Plated Titanium Perforated Sheet Anode and Cathode

Platinum Plated Titanium Slotted Sheet Anode and Cathode

Platinum Plated Titanium Rod Anode and Cathode

Platinum Plated Titanium Seamless Tube Anode and Cathode

 

Specification for Ioniser (Ionisation) Electrodes:-

Electrode: Platinised Titanium Anode and Platinised Titanium Cathode

Substrate Grade (Titanium): 1 or 2

Substrate Shape (Titanium): Expanded mesh, Sheet or Flat, Rod, Tube etc…

Substrate Purity (Titanium): 99%

Catalyst Purity (Platinum): 99.99%

Platinum Plating Thickness: 0.5 Micron or 1.0 Micron (Based on Condition)

Assembly: 5 plates and 7 plates etc…

Dimension: Standard and Custom Made

 

General Key benefits of Platinum Plated Electrodes:-

Electrodes [Anodes or Cathodes] are available with hanging hook, frame or band in the form of sheet, mesh, pipe, wire, rod and custom built.  Platinised titanium anode is used in electrolytes having no fluoride. Platinised niobium anodes are used in electrolytes having fluoride, where we need better conduction (its conductivity is three times of titanium) and also it is suitable for Sulphuric acid chromium plating bath operated at current density greater than 75A / dm². 

PLATINIZED ANODES – TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Platinized Anodes (Pt. Anode) are produced by plating platinum (Pt) on a specially treated precious metal (Titanium / Niobium) by means of electro deposition process. They are economical as well as it retains the superior physical and chemical properties. There are many advantages as below.

General advantages for Titanium Anode with Platinum Plating or Platinised Titanium Anode:-

1.         Titanium gives corrosion resistance in most electrolytes. Titanium itself will act as a conductor of current without passing current into the electrolyte.

2.         With the application of a thin layer of platinum onto the titanium surface the current will pass along the titanium and enter the electrolyte through the platinum surface with the exposed surfaces of the titanium remaining inactive. The platinized area of the anode will operate at current densities of up to 100 amperes per square ft. of surface area.

3.         The electrical resistance of titanium is high and where solid rods or plates are used it is essential to design with adequate cross sections of titanium and with the shortest current paths to the platinum surface, thus avoiding high volt drops.

4.         Where long lengths of platinized titanium are required to improve the electrical resistance, titanium is formed over copper and the platinum skip-plated onto the titanium. This provides the most economic installation with the best relationship between current density and volt drop.

5.         It is recommended that rectifier 3 phase AC is used and the voltage between anode and electrolyte should be less than 10 volts.

Platinized titanium anodes are suitable for used in impressed current system for jetties, pipelines protected by deep well ground beds, power stations and water storage tanks. Also the major application of Chlorate & perchlorate production, Eectro-chlorination, Electroplating, Sewage treatment, Electro synthesis, Electro Chlorination, Water Treatment, Water Ionization, Waste Water treatment, Sewage Treatment, Effluent Treatment etc…

PLATINIZED TITANIUM ANODE RHODIUM JEWELRY PLATING – TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF HIGH PURITY ELECTR PLATING PROCESS ANODES BY USING THE MATERIAL OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Plating anode or Platinized titanium anode designed to use in electro plating baths for Rhodium Plating and or acid-based gold solutions. The anode stem may be bent to hang over the edge of the Tank or Beaker, while the bar length can be bent into a circle and inserted into the solution.

Design for - Platinized titanium anode designed for use in electroplating baths for helium and palladium plating or acid gold solutions.

Adopt - The titanium mesh adopts electroplating machine and electrolyzed water, and the surface is effectively cleaned and activated by gold, silver and copper ornaments to clean the surface of the work piece.

Protect Jewelry - The titanium mesh uses electroplating machine and electroplating water, gold-plated surface, silver and copper ornaments, and is coated with a layer of platinum or gold to protect the jewelry and prevent oxidation.

Features - Titanium mesh is pure titanium material, which is not easy to dissolve, is not easy to change color, and has good electrical conductivity.

Can Be Bend - This platinized titanium mesh can be bent and hung on the edge of a heat-resistant glass beaker to allow the mesh portion to be immersed in the solution.

Platinised Titanium Mesh Anodes for Electro Plating - Standard sizes and Stock available (Delivery – 1 Week)

1.0       inches Height x 2.0 inches Width            1.0 inches Height x 3.0 inches Width

2.0       inches Height x 4.0 inches Width            2.0 inches Height x 3.0 inches Width

2.0       inches Height x 4.0 inches Width            3.0 inches Height x 4.0 inches Width

3.0       inches Height x 6.0 inches Width            4.0 inches Height x 1.0 inches Width

4.0       inches Height x 2.0 inches Width           4.0 inches Height x 3.0 inches Width

6.0       inches Height x 7.0 inches Width          

Expanded Mesh thickness: 2.5 mm (Non Flattened), Mesh Inner Opening Width and length 3.2 x 8.3 mm, Titanium Gr.1 or 2 mesh ASTM 265 B Standard and Platinum Thickness 1.5 micron, 2.0 micron and 2.5 Micron.

PLATINUM TITANIUM ANODE FOR ELECTRO WINNING OR ELECTRO EXTRACTION – TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Electro winning, also called electroextraction, is the electro deposition of metals from their ores that have been put in solution via a process commonly referred to as leaching. Electro refining uses a similar process to remove impurities from a metal. Both processes use electroplating on a large scale and are important techniques for the economical and straightforward purification of non-ferrous metals. The resulting metals are said to be electro won.

The metals that can be recovered by this method are copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn) and cobalt (Co), and used in the recovery of cyanide-based electrolytes of gold (Au), silver (Ag), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) - cyanide is electrochemically destroyed, due to the enhanced anode efficiency. Different metals plate out at different voltages so application if the different voltages will allow all metals to be recovered from a mixed metal effluent.  

Tiaano manufactures Platinised Titanium Anodes which have gained acceptance in the Metal Electrowinning Industry. Platinised Anode technology has all but replaced lead anodes as the anodes of choice with industries becoming more environmentally conscious. Platinized Anodes offer a cleaner alternative and significant power savings over lead anodes. Platinum is a precious metal, having very good physical and chemical properties, such as high corrosion resistance, thermal conductivity, and catalytic nature. As it is very expensive, platinum cannot be used in its solid form as an anode. So that Platinized Metal Anodes (Pt Anode) are produced by electroplating platinum (Pt) on a specially treated precious metal (Titanium / Niobium) substrate by means of electro deposition process.  Electroplated metal anodes are economical as well as it retains the superior physical and chemical properties of platinum.

Our Platinised Titanium Anodes have a proven track record in applications such as:

Electroplating, Electro Winning or electroextraction, Electrosynthesis, Electrodialysis, Drinking Water electrolysis, Cathodic Protection, Sodium Hypochlorite, HHO Generator, Swimming pool disinfectant, Perchlorate protection, Chlor-alkali industry etc...

Due to our proven plating technology, Tiaano Platinised Titanium Anodes have become the anodes of choice. Tiaano Platinised Anodes Electrodes results in platings which provide the following attributes:

          Higher levels of adhesion of the precious metal plating

          Better uniformity of plating

          Greatly improved resistance to acid attack

          Resistance to interface degradation by deposits

TITANIUM ANODES WITH PLATINUM PLATING FOR INDUSTRIAL ELECTRO CHEMICAL APPLICATION – TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Titanium anodes are mainly used in the two industrial sectors of electrochemistry and electrometallurgy. Electrolytic industries using metal anodes include: chlor-alkali industry, aluminate production, water electrolysis, hospital Effluent Treatment, sewage treatment, domestic water and food utensils disinfection, industrial water treatment, steel plate galvanized chrome plating, electrodialysis desalination, seawater, batteries Production, cathodic protection, etc. Applications include chemical, metallurgical, water treatment, environmental protection, electroplating, electrolytic organic synthesis and other industries.

 

Advantages of Platinised Titanium Anode - Application wise:-

Electro Plating: Platinised Titanium Anodes protective to different surrounding conditions and are also resistive to corrosion. They can be resistive to moisture and steam and also to the corrosion due to oxidation and reduction. They can also withstand easily under the attack of acids and other chemicals. They can also resist the adverse effect occur at extremely high temperature.

Cathodic Protection: Combining Platinized Titanium / Platinized Niobium for Outstanding Corrosion Prevention, Advantage of platinized titanium anode in ICCP Application Effective Cathode Protection (Medium in Seawater, Freshwater, Coke Breeze, Soil, Sand etc..), environment-friendly, high current density, High anti-corrosion property & lasting working life, Keep the operating voltage stably, Small size & lightweight, Recoatable & Repetitive titanium material.

Chlor-alkali / Caustic Soda: In the chlorine gas industry produced by diaphragm method, the metal anode is resistant to chlorine and alkali corrosion. In the production of chlor-alkali, after using titanium anode, the product quality is high, the purity of chlorine gas is high, CO2 is not contained, the alkali concentration is high, and energy consumption is saved.

Chlorate and perchlorate production: Platinised Titanium Metal anode, the high temperature and high current density operation of the chlorate electrolytic cell becomes possible.

Sewage treatment, Waste Water Treatment Unit (Electrocatalytic Oxidation Technology): Oxygen evolution potential ≥1.70v, strong oxidation, High current efficiency, Insoluble anode, corrosion-resistant, Anodic matrix reusable, Low cost, long life span, cost-effective etc… Degrade stubborn or toxic contaminants. Fully automatic operation, simple process, Suitable for high salt load, No sludge, no pollution transfer, Degrade COD, decolorize, Inactivate and sterilize.

Water Treatment (Disinfection of Water to produce Chlorine): Compact Chlorinator Cell Design, Both reverse polarity and normal polarity, Self-cleaning system.

Water Ionization: The Platinised Titanium electrodes create the ionization, the electrode cell is the heart of an ionizer. It consists of a series of electrodes (plates), each separated by a membrane. The Platinized Titanium Mesh Anode is mostly used, because it has outstanding practical performance, such as strong ability of ionization release, good exchange of electrolyte, close structure and light weight, etc.

Marine Growth Prevention System (MGPS): Platinised Titanium Anode for used to make Marine Growth Prevention System (MGPS). The Marine Growth Prevention System (MGPS) was conceptualized and created with the sole purpose of defeating Marine Growth right at its very root, preventing even the most minute trace of marine organism from depositing itself along the ship’s interior altogether.

JEWELRY PLATING PLATINIZED TITANIUM ANODE OR GOLD PLATING – TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano platinum plated/ coated anodes are designed for use in electro plating baths for Rhodium Plating and or acid-based Gold solutions. The platinized Titanium mesh anodes comes with a stem are suspended in plating baths with the mesh portion immersed in the electroplating solution.

Advantages of Platinised Titanium Anodes in Jewelry Gold Plating (Common for Electro Plating):-

1. The anode size is stable, and the distance between the electrodes does not change during the point solution process, which can ensure that the electrolysis operation is performed under the condition that the tank voltage is stable.

2. The working voltage is low, so the power consumption is small, the power consumption can be saved, and the DC power consumption can be reduced by 10% to 20%.

3. Lower capital and long Life: The working life of titanium anode is long. The anode life has reached more than 6 years, while the graphite anode is only 8 months.

4. It can overcome the problem of dissolution of graphite anode and lead anode, avoiding pollution of point solution and cathode product, thus improving the purity of metal products

5. Can increase the current density. When electrolysis is carried out at a high working current density, it is preferred to use a titanium anode.

6. Avoid the short circuit problem after the lead anode is deformed, thus improving the current efficiency.

7. Titanium anodes are light in weight and reduce labour intensity.

8. Low over potential characteristics, the surface between the electrodes and the bubbles of the electrodes are easily eliminated, which is an important reason for the voltage drop of the metal anode electrolytic cell.

9. Corrosion Resistance: Platinised Titanium Anodes protective to different surrounding conditions and are also resistive to corrosion. They can be resistive to moisture and steam and also to the corrosion due to oxidation and reduction. They can also withstand easily under the attack of acids and other chemicals. They can also resist the adverse effect occur at extremely high temperature.

10. Stability: Platinum is one of the noble group of metals and also precious metals, all of which are excellent catalyst materials. Platinum is conductive, chemically stable and highly resistant to oxidation and corrosion.