Platinized Titanium & Niobium Anode

Dimensionally Stable Anode

PLATINISED ANODE FOR ELECTROLYSIS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (TIAANO CHENNAI, INDIA MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES)

Tiaano offer Platinum plated Anode and cathodes (Electrodes) for various research and developments. Many article provides a history of platinized anodes by reviewing innovations in the chlor-alkali industry, electroplating, electro galvanizing, electro winning etc.... These anodes are attractive for numerous reasons (e.g., long life and educed energy consumption), but they must still overcome the hurdle of cost to gain wider acceptance for applications in the various process industries.

Chemical Behavior of Platinum Plated and Titanium:-

Platinum is preferred on an anode's outer surface because it is highly resistant to corrosion and can ensure current flow in most electrolyte media without leading to the formation of an insulating layer on itself. Because it doesn’t corrode, it doesn’t produce corrosion products and hence the consumption rate is very low.

Platinum is inert in fused salts and acids, whereas it is dissolved in aqua regia. There is no risk of hydrogen embrittlement. It is one of the few rare metals that perfectly resist chlorides of seawater.

Titanium shows reasonably good resistance to a marine environment (seawater in particular). It does not react with concentrated (80%) solutions of metallic chlorides. However, it is susceptible to attack by hydrofluoric acid (HF) and hot hydrochloric acid (HCl) of higher concentrations. Even hydrogen peroxide and hot nitric acid can attack titanium. Oxidizing agents normally do not attack titanium because it readily forms a protective oxide coating. However, non-oxidizing substances such as sulfuric acid (above 5% concentration) and phosphoric acid (above 30%) can attack titanium. From a hydrogen embrittlement point of view, titanium fares better than tantalum as an anode material.

Benefits of Platinised Titanium Electrode:-

Platinum has the advantages of electrochemical inertness, mechanical strength, workability and favorable electrical conductivity. However, it is prohibitively expensive. Development of platinum on titanium and platinum on tantalum (plated) materials has opened up the feasibility of using these for anode materials for Electro Plating, metal finishing and cathodic protection systems in critical applications.

PLATINISED TITANIUM SHEET ELECTRODE FOR IONIZER SYSTEM (TIAANO CHENNAI, INDIA MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES)

Tiaano manufacturing various dimensions and Shapes of platinum plated or platinised electrode for water ionizers. The essential parts of the ionization chamber are its two collecting electrodes, (the anode and cathode) the anode is positively charged with respect to the cathode. Water Ionizer Electrodes [Anodes or Cathodes] are available with hanging hook, frame or band in the form of sheet, expanded mesh, pipe, wire, rod and custom built. 

The best water to drink is alkalized or ionized water, which is produced by running normal tap water over a positive (platinized anode) and a negative (platinised cathode) electrode. This creates positive and negative ions in the water that are then separated creating two different waters, one that is alkaline and one that is acidic.

Alkaline water is for flushing out internal toxins, scavenging free radicals, and oxygenating the body. Acid water, which is really a by-product of ionizing water, can be used externally for cleansing the skin, cleaning any surface and feeding your plants.

Most good ionizers on the market use electrodes made of platinum plated titanium. Titanium will not dissolve in your ionized water as the cheaper metals like stainless steel does. The ionizer uses grade 1 titanium (as per ASTM Standard) electrodes to be plated with a good electrical conductor. Stainless steel was used for Water Ionizer electrodes in the late 1980's and was found not be a suitable material because they did not last more than a  few years.

Advantages of platinized Titanium Electrode (Anode and cathode):-

Long operating life

Maintenance-free.

Economical due to low platinum requirements.

High dimensional stability and load resistance.

Good current distribution

Good current Conduction

High corrosion resistance

Low weight.

HARD CHROME PLATING ANODE - PLATINUM PLATED ANODES - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinum or platinised anode for Hard Chrome Plating process. Electro plating Electrodes [Anodes or Cathodes] are available with hanging hook, frame or band in the form of sheet, expanded mesh, pipe, rod and custom built. 

Platinised titanium Platinised Niobium anodes provide a cost effective replacement for lead anodes in hard chromium plating. They provide superior quality deposition and consistency resulting in increased productivity and throughput. Cost benefit analysis demonstrates that the higher initial investment in this technology can be recouped within a short period of time.

Benefits of Platinised Titanium Anodes for Hard Chromium Plating:

Long life, dimensionally stable and easily fabricated into any shape:  Whereas titanium anodes are dimensionally stable throughout their operating life and can easily be manufactured, even in complex shapes and lengths, up to 4m. Consequently, shaped anodes can be manufactured very accurately to allow consistent plating to small tolerances, often making a further honing step unnecessary.

Homogeneous and long-lasting active surface: Platinised titanium anodes operated correctly, remain deposit free and therefore perform constantly well throughout the whole anode life.

Energy savings with shaped anodes and small anode/cathode distances: platinised titanium anodes can provide energy savings both in heating and cooling which, in turn, allows the plating chemistry to be easier to manage and maintain.

Mesh anodes provide excellent throwing and can be used at high current densities: In electrolysis, corners and edges are preferred reaction sites; an expanded mesh has edges evenly distributed across the anode surface, thus producing uniform current density and excellent plating results.

Easier handling and recoating: Positioning of lead anodes for optimising chrome plating is often awkward due to their weight, whereas spot welded or bolted mesh anodes are very light by comparison and allow safer and easier handling. Furthermore, they can be easily removed and / or replaced whenever necessary. This often allows a re-use of expensive anode materials and designs, and reduces operational costs.

PLATINUM PLATED TITANIUM SHEET ELECTRODES FOR IONIZED WATER - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinised Titanium Electrodes (Positive Electrode and Negative Electrode) for water ionizers. The essential components of the ionization chamber are its two collecting electrodes, (the anodes and cathodes) the anode is positively charged with respect to the cathode.

The ionizer uses grade 1 titanium electrodes to be plated (Anodes and cathodes are plated) with a good electrical conductor with longevity built to last 10 years that will also not dissolve during electrolysis. Stainless steel was used for Water Ionizer electrodes in the late 1980's and was found not be a suitable material because they did not last more than a few years. The industry began using titanium platinum-coated Anode in the early 1990's because of its design life.

Water Ionizer (Ionization) Electrodes Types:-

Platinised Titanium Mesh Anode and Platinised Titanium Mesh Cathode

Platinized Titanium Sheet / Flat Anode and Platinized Titanium Sheet / Flat Cathode

Platinum Coated Titanium Perforated Sheet Anode and Platinum Coated Titanium Perforated Sheet Cathode

Platinum activated Titanium Slotted Sheet Anode and Platinum activated Titanium Slotted Sheet Cathode

Platinum deposited Titanium Rod Anode and Platinum deposited Titanium Rod Cathode

Platinum Titanium Seamless Tube Anode and Platinum Titanium Seamless Cathode

 

Specification for Water Ioniser (Water Ionisation) Electrodes:-

Electrode: Platinised Titanium Anode and Platinised Titanium Cathode

Substrate Grade (Titanium): 1 or 2 (as per ASTM Standard)

Substrate Shape (Titanium): Expanded mesh, Sheet or Flat, Rod, Tube etc…

Substrate Purity (Titanium): 99%

Catalyst Purity (Platinum): 99.99%

Platinum Thickness: 0.5 Micron or 1.0 Micron or 2 Micron (Based on Water Condition)

Assembly: 2 Plates, 3 plates, 5 plates and 7 plates & 9 plates

Dimension: Standard Size or custom made

PLATINUM COATED TITANIUM SHEET ELECTRODES FOR DEIONIZED WATER - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinum or platinized Electrodes for water Deionisation. Water Deionizer Electrodes [Anodes or Cathodes] are available with hanging hook, frame or band in the form of sheet, expanded mesh, pipe, rod and custom built.  Deionized water is also called demineralized water. The majority of water impurities are dissolved salts, deionization results in high purity water that is generally similar to distilled water.

Ions are electrically charged atoms or molecules found in water that have either a net negative or positive charge. For many applications that use water as a rinse or ingredient, these ions are considered impurities and must be removed from the water.

Water Deionization Process:-

Among all common water filtration methods, the process used for removal of all dissolved salts from water is referred to as deionization. Deionization requires the flow of water through two ion exchange materials in order to affect the removal of all salt content.

The terms demineralization and deionization are used somewhat interchangeably by the industry. While the term demineralization is generally better understood, deionization is especially suit.

IONIZATION WATER ANODE – PLATINISED TITANIUM SHEET ANODE - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODE

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinized Titanium Electrodes (Anodes and cathods for water ionisers. The key factor for a quality water ionizer is the material of the electrodes, (anode and cathode) the anode is positively charged with respect to the cathode

Key Benefits of Platinised Titanium Anodes and Platinized Cathodes in Ionization:-

1)        Favorable dimensional stability

2)        Corrosion resistance ensures durability with easy maintainability

3)        Light weight, as well as favorable current distribution

4)        High resistance to corrosion

5)        Resistance to oxidation

6)        High electrical conductivity

7)        No contamination in water

Titanium is non-soluble and stable in water. It will last for many years [20, 30 or more] without corroding. Its durability, strength, and non-toxicity make it the choice of material to doctors and medical scientists use for their implanted medical devices such as artificial joints and pacemakers. Also, because it’s so durable and non-magnetic it makes it the best choice of metal to construct a water ionizer electrode.

Platinum is a catalyst, and is needed to speed up the electrolysis. With the water ionizers changing the water so drastically just by passing the water over the electrodes, the ionization process wouldn’t occur without a speeder-upper.

Tiaano suggest the platinised Titanium anodes and Platinized Titanium Cathode for water alkaline process because of its advantages like no contamination in water, complex shapes is possible, Long lifetime, Easy maintenance, High dimensional stability and loading capacity, Good corrosion resistance, Low weight, Perfect current and distribution. Anodes and cathodes material will be similar. It will be consume proper equal voltage in all cells.

ALKALINE WATER ANODE – PLATINISED TITANIUM MESH ANODE - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODE

The Platinised Titanium electrodes (Anodes and cathodes) create the ionisation, the electrode cell is the heart of an ioniser. It consists of a series of electrodes (plates), each separated by a membrane. The Platinized Titanium Mesh Electrodes is mostly used, because it has outstanding practical performance, such as strong ability of ionization release, good exchange of electrolyte, close structure and light weight, etc.

The best water to drink is alkalized or ionized water, which is produced by running normal tap water over a positive (platinum or platinized anode) and a negative (platinum or platinised cathode) electrode. This creates positive and negative ions in the water that are then separated creating two different waters, one that is alkaline and one that is acidic.

Specifications of Ionization Electrodes (Platinum Plated Anodes & Platinum Plated Cathodes):-

Substrate Standard

Titanium As per ASTM

Grade

1

Substrate Purity

99.9% pure

Anode & Cathode Shape

Titanium Sheet, Rod, Expanded Mesh, Tube

Plating (Catalyst)

Pure Platinum

Purity of Platinum Catalyst

100%

Platinum Thickness

0.5 Micron, 1.0 Micron and 20 Micron

Plating Process

Electro deposition

Catalyst Color

Silver White

Electrode Assembly

2 Plates, 3 Plates, 5 Plates, 7 Plates and 9 Plates

ALKALINE WATER ANODE – PLATINISED TITANIUM MESH ANODE - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODE

The Platinised Titanium electrodes (Anodes and cathodes) create the ionisation, the electrode cell is the heart of an ioniser. It consists of a series of electrodes (plates), each separated by a membrane. The Platinized Titanium Mesh Electrodes is mostly used, because it has outstanding practical performance, such as strong ability of ionization release, good exchange of electrolyte, close structure and light weight, etc.

The best water to drink is alkalized or ionized water, which is produced by running normal tap water over a positive (platinum or platinized anode) and a negative (platinum or platinised cathode) electrode. This creates positive and negative ions in the water that are then separated creating two different waters, one that is alkaline and one that is acidic.

Specifications of Ionization Electrodes (Platinum Plated Anodes & Platinum Plated Cathodes):-

Substrate Standard

Titanium As per ASTM

Grade

1

Substrate Purity

99.9% pure

Anode & Cathode Shape

Titanium Sheet, Rod, Expanded Mesh, Tube

Plating (Catalyst)

Pure Platinum

Purity of Platinum Catalyst

100%

Platinum Thickness

0.5 Micron, 1.0 Micron and 20 Micron

Plating Process

Electro deposition

Catalyst Color

Silver White

Electrode Assembly

2 Plates, 3 Plates, 5 Plates, 7 Plates and 9 Plates

 

ELECTROPLATING ANODE – PLATINISED TITANIUM - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano Platinised Titanium or Platinised Niobium Anodes are most suitable for electro plating of precious metals like gold, platinum, palladium, chromium, nickel, rhodium and copper etc…

Platinised anodes consist of a titanium base or Niobium base, in the form of either expanded mesh, sheet, rod, wire or tube with a plating of platinum between 2 to 5 microns thick and purity of platinum is 99.99%. They possess the electrochemical properties of platinum. The titanium used is 99.9% pure as established by ASTM (American Society of Metal).

The service time of the platinised titanium anodes depends on the chemical resistivity of the base metal, the dissolution rate of the deposited platinum in the electrolyte, which in turn depends upon layer morphology, and adhesive qualities, pH, current density and current ripple. For most applications the dissolution rate is low and the advantages of platinized titanium anodes are far greater than any metal loss.

Advantages of platinised Titanium Anode:-

          Long operating life, maintenance-free.

          Economical due to low platinum requirements.

          High dimensional stability and load resistance.

          Good current distribution.

          High corrosion resistance.

          Low weight.

Properties of platinum Plating: -

Softness, Good adhesion, High plasticity, High ductility, High Purity.

Tiaano also supply Titanium, Niobium, Hastelloy, Zirconium and Nickel equipments for Electro Plating Industries, such as….

1.            Jigs & Fixtures

2.            Racks

3.            Anode Baskets

4.            Tanks

5.            Heating Cooling Coils

6.            Chillers

7.            On site welding service

PLATINUM PLATED TITANIUM MESH ANODE FOR ELECTROLYSIS - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODES

Platinum coated (Platinized) Titanium Anodes are highly conductive anodes used in electroplating, fuel cells, and other electrolysis applications. Platinum plated Titanium Anodes are generally immediately available in most volumes and can be fabricated in forms such as sheet, mesh, perforated plate, rod, or wire with hanging hook for electricity distribution. We (Tiaano) can also produce materials to custom specifications by request, in addition to custom compositions for commercial and research applications and new proprietary technologies.

Tiaano platinum anodes and platinized anodes are widely used in Electrolysis:-

Platinum anodes are having very good physical and chemical properties.

platinum anode is having high corrosion resistance

platinum anodes are having very good thermal conductivity

platinum anode is having excellent catalytic nature

Types of Platinum Anodes Tiaano offer for Electrolysis Application:-

Solid platinum Plated Sheet anode for Electrolysis

Platinized titanium plate anode for Electrolysis

Platinised titanium expanded mesh anode for Electrolysis

Titanium anode with platinum catalyst for Electrolysis

Platinized titanium perforated plate anode for Electrolysis

Platinized titanium slotted plate anode for Electrolysis

Platinized titanium Tube anode for Electrolysis

Platinized titanium Wire anode for Electrolysis

Platinized titanium perforated plate anode for Electrolysis