Platinized Titanium & Niobium Anode

Dimensionally Stable Anode

PLATINISED TITANIUM SEAMLESS TUBE ANODE AND MONEL TUBE CATHODE FOR INSTRUMENT - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano manufacturer of corrosion-resistant Platinized Titanium anodes and Monel Cathodes for Instruments / Chemical Producing Machine. Platinised Titanium Tube Anodes are composed of titanium tube substrate with a platinum layer plated on it. Platinized titanium tube anodes are designed with specific platinum material (Pt) which makes the anodes dimensionally stable for many years. Tiaano designs and manufacture platinised titanium tube anodes with different standard size and plating thicknesses. Tiaano have the facility to do platinum plating 0.5 micron to 20 micron thick by the process of Electro deposition.

Tiaano Platinized Titanium seamless Anodes are used in various applications. Tiaano have the facility to prepare Platinised Titanium, Platinised Niobium and Platinised Nickel alloys. We have the inplant production capacity of 20 m2 per day. We are exporting the anodes more than 64 countries.

Platinum plated titanium anodes have been successfully used in Electro plating. As long as suitable electrolytes are used, a completely lead-free process is usually possible without excessive costs by simply replacing lead anodes with Pt/Ti anodes. Plating anodes using high-temperature electrolysis offers two additional ecological benefits: Considerably longer life span based on better durability. Sparing use of platinum (which is made resistant to corrosion through high-temperature electrolysis). Re-platinization of the base substrate means that any existing platinum can be refurbished and reused, saving costs.

Another benefit of the Platinum plated anode is that they require no touching up due to the dimensional stability and the high-temperature electrolysis that allows up to 99.99% purity in platinum coatings, as well as excellent adhesion and ductility.

PLATINUM TITANIUM MESH ELECTRODE FOR IONISATION - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano (Ti Anode Fabricators Pvt Ltd, Chennai, India) manufacturing and supplying Platinum Plated titanium Anodes and Platinum Plated titanium cathodes.

Water Ionization: The Platinised Titanium electrodes create the ionization, the electrode cell is the heart of an ionizer. It consists of a series of electrodes (plates), each separated by a membrane. The Platinized Titanium Mesh Anode is mostly used, because it has outstanding practical performance, such as strong ability of ionization release, good exchange of electrolyte, close structure and light weight, etc.

Alkaline Water, which comes out of the top spout on the ionizer, is the fraction that we drink and cook with.  It contains a high concentration of positively charged minerals that are beneficial for our health, such as calcium, potassium, and magnesium.

Acidic Water, which is dispensed through the bottom hose or spout, is used externally for cleaning and disinfecting the skin and household surfaces.  It is discharged into the sink when it is not needed or saved for later use.

Types of Water Ionizer Anodes Tiaano offer:-

Platinized Titanium Mesh Anode and Platinized Titanium Cathodes

Platinized Titanium Sheet / Flat Anode and Platinized Titanium Cathodes

Platinized Titanium Perforated Sheet Anode and Platinized Titanium Cathodes

Platinized Titanium Slotted Sheet Anode and Platinized Titanium Cathodes

Platinized Titanium Rod Anode and Platinized Titanium Cathodes

Platinized Titanium Seamless Tube Anode and Platinized Titanium Cathodes

PLATINUM ACTIVATED TITANIUM SHEET ANODE AND PLATINUM ACTIVATED TITANIUM CATHODE FOR IONIZER - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Water ionizer Platinized Titanium electrodes (Anodes and Cathodes) are one of the most important components, it falls into many basic forms like sheet, rod, tube or mesh. Water Ionisation chamber contains positively and negatively charged platinum-covered titanium electrodes. These electrodes ionize the soluble minerals in the water: positively charged ions gather at the negative electrode to create alkaline water, also referred to as "reduced water" while negatively charged ions gather at the positive electrode to make acid water, also known as oxidised water.

Alkaline Water, which comes out of the top spout on the ionizer, is the fraction that we drink and cook with.  It contains a high concentration of positively charged minerals that are beneficial for our health, such as calcium, potassium, and magnesium.

Acidic Water, which is dispensed through the bottom hose or spout, is used externally for cleaning and disinfecting the skin and household surfaces.  It is discharged into the sink when it is not needed or saved for later use.

Types of Water Ionizer Electrodes Tiaano offer:-

High Purity Platinum Plated Mesh Electrode

High Purity Platinum Plated Sheet / Flat Electrode

High Purity Platinum Plated Perforated Sheet Electrode

High Purity Platinum Plated Slotted Sheet Electrode

High Purity Platinum Plated Rod Electrode

High Purity Platinum Plated Seamless Tube Electrode

PLATINIZED SHEET ANODE AND PLATINIZED WIRE ANODE FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESS (TIAANO CHENNAI, INDIA MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODES)

Platinum is widely used as electrodes in metal finishing industries due its advantage of having special chemical & physical properties like high corrosion resistance, thermal conductivity and catalytic nature.  Being a very expensive metal, instead of using solid form, platinum is deposited on the surface of titanium or niobium, occasionally on molybdenum by micron level layer.  Electrodes [Anodes or Cathodes] are available with hanging hook, frame or band in the form of sheet, mesh, pipe, wire, rod and custom built.  Platinised titanium anode is used in electrolytes having no fluoride. Platinised niobium anodes are used in electrolytes having fluoride, where we need better conduction (its conductivity is three times of titanium)  and also it is suitable for Sulphuric acid chromium plating bath operated at current density greater than 75A / dm².  Platinised titanium / niobium anodes are having the advantages of Low weight - good current resistance; Long life operation - maintenance free;      Economical - due to low platinum requirements; High dimensional stability and low resistance; Highly suitable as auxiliary anodes of complex geometrical shapes.

Platinum Features:-

Platinum is a lustrous silvery-white, malleable, ductile metal and a member of group 10 of the periodic table of the elements. It has the third highest density, behind osmium and iridium. Platinum is unaffected by air and water, but will dissolve in hot aqua regia, in hot concentrated phosphoric and sulphuric acids, and in molten alkali. It is as resistant as gold to corrosion and tarnishing. Indeed, platinum will not oxidize in air no matter how strongly it is heated.

Gains of Platinized Anode:-

Energy saving potential

Low weight (in particular expanded metal anodes)

Long service time even at high current density

Dimensional stability, long durability of base material

Replating possible

Higher quality of end product

Application-specific design

PLATINIZED SHEET ANODE AND PLATINIZED WIRE ANODE FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESS (TIAANO CHENNAI, INDIA MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODES)

Platinum is widely used as electrodes in metal finishing industries due its advantage of having special chemical & physical properties like high corrosion resistance, thermal conductivity and catalytic nature.  Being a very expensive metal, instead of using solid form, platinum is deposited on the surface of titanium or niobium, occasionally on molybdenum by micron level layer.  Electrodes [Anodes or Cathodes] are available with hanging hook, frame or band in the form of sheet, mesh, pipe, wire, rod and custom built.  Platinised titanium anode is used in electrolytes having no fluoride. Platinised niobium anodes are used in electrolytes having fluoride, where we need better conduction (its conductivity is three times of titanium)  and also it is suitable for Sulphuric acid chromium plating bath operated at current density greater than 75A / dm².  Platinised titanium / niobium anodes are having the advantages of Low weight - good current resistance; Long life operation - maintenance free;      Economical - due to low platinum requirements; High dimensional stability and low resistance; Highly suitable as auxiliary anodes of complex geometrical shapes.

Platinum Features:-

Platinum is a lustrous silvery-white, malleable, ductile metal and a member of group 10 of the periodic table of the elements. It has the third highest density, behind osmium and iridium. Platinum is unaffected by air and water, but will dissolve in hot aqua regia, in hot concentrated phosphoric and sulphuric acids, and in molten alkali. It is as resistant as gold to corrosion and tarnishing. Indeed, platinum will not oxidize in air no matter how strongly it is heated.

Gains of Platinized Anode:-

Energy saving potential

Low weight (in particular expanded metal anodes)

Long service time even at high current density

Dimensional stability, long durability of base material

Replating possible

Higher quality of end product

Application-specific design

PLATINUM PLATED COPPER ANODES FOR ELECTROLYSIS (TIAANO CHENNAI, INDIA MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODES)

Tiaano offer Platinum plated Copper Anode, Platinum Plated Titanium anodes & Niobium Anodes (Platinum Plated Electrodes) for various research and developments. Many article provides a history of platinised anodes by reviewing innovations in the, electroplating, electro galvanizing, electro winning, chlor-alkali industry etc.... These anodes are attractive for numerous reasons (e.g., long life and educed energy consumption), but they must still overcome the hurdle of cost to gain wider acceptance for applications in the various process industries.

Chemical Behavior of Platinum and Titanium:-

Platinum is preferred on an anode's outer surface because it is highly resistant to corrosion and can ensure current flow in most electrolyte media without leading to the formation of an insulating layer on itself. Because it doesn’t corrode, it doesn’t produce corrosion products and hence the consumption rate is very low.

Titanium shows reasonably good resistance to a marine environment (seawater in particular). It does not react with concentrated (80%) solutions of metallic chlorides. However, it is susceptible to attack by hydrofluoric acid (HF) and hot hydrochloric acid (HCl) of higher concentrations. Even hydrogen peroxide and hot nitric acid can attack titanium. Oxidizing agents normally do not attack titanium because it readily forms a protective oxide coating. However, non-oxidizing substances such as sulfuric acid (above 5% concentration) and phosphoric acid (above 30%) can attack titanium. From a hydrogen embrittlement point of view, titanium fares better than tantalum as an anode material.

Chemical Behavior of Copper:-

Copper is a reddish metal with a face-centered cubic crystalline structure. It reflects red and orange light and absorbs other frequencies in the visible spectrum, due to its band structure, so it as a nice reddish color. It is malleable, ductile, and an extremely good conductor of both heat and electricity. Copper has low chemical reactivity. So people are using platinum plating on copper, this coating / plating protects the metal from further attack.

MGPS PLATINIZED TITANIUM ANODES AND CATHODES FOR MARINE GROWTH PREVENTION SYSTEM (TIAANO CHENNAI, INDIA MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINISED NIOBIUM ANODES)

Tiaano designed this system to prevent the marine growth to the internal pipe line of ships through the chemical reaction of chlorine compounds which are produced through the electrolysis of seawater.

Effects of Marine Growth:-

The fouling problem arises when barnacles, mussels and other lower forms of marine life as larvae enter pipework systems and settle on the internal surface of pipes where they rapidly grow and multiply.

In the most extreme cases, complete seawater lines can become blocked, affecting the safety and operational capability of the ship, in other instances, the gradual restriction in the flow of seawater through cooling systems can impair engine efficiency, leading to increased fuel usage.

Effect of Chlorine (Sodium Hypochlorite):-

Chlorine is a well-known toxicant. It has been shown that 0.2 to 0.5 ppm of continues electro chlorination will prevent all marine fouling in time. Higher than 0.5 ppm might produce the corrosion of the metallic piping, and other metallic equipment.

A trace residual discharge will insure the killing of all fouling organisms in a seawater system when constant chlorination is employed. It should be emphasized that constant chlorination is the best method for safe and efficient fouling and bacteria control.

Alongside these principal reactions which bring about the production of sodium hypochlorite, secondary reactions occur due to the actions which are present in seawater such as calcium and magnesium, forming hydrates and carbonates.

Sodium hypochlorite solution leaving the generating chamber is piped to the chlorine injection pinots situated on the sea chests to be mixed with the incoming sea water flow.

Then the chlorine active contained in the solution oxidizes the organic substances found in sea water.

The adult organisms, for example mussels, are able to resist the effects of chlorine active by closing themselves inside their shells. However unable to feed they will not settle in an environment where chlorine active is present.

 Advantages of using MGPS:-

1.         Based on the electrolytic principle, providing continues and reliable protection from marine growth without the use of chemicals.

2.         A dual system combining pipework anti fouling and corrosion suppression

3.         Environmentally safe, meets all environmental protection standards

4.         Reduces energy consumption

5.         Maintains plant and equipment at high efficiency

6.         Reduces cleaning cost of pumps, pipes, valves, sea chests, gratings, heat exchangers, etc

7.         Improved Heat transfer in heat exchangers

8.         Increase life span of plant and equipment

9.         Provides continues maintenance free protection for years

10.       Lower capacity and operating costs than any competing technology.      

 

PLATINISED ANODE FOR ELECTROLYSIS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (TIAANO CHENNAI, INDIA MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES)

Tiaano offer Platinum plated Anode and cathodes (Electrodes) for various research and developments. Many article provides a history of platinized anodes by reviewing innovations in the chlor-alkali industry, electroplating, electro galvanizing, electro winning etc.... These anodes are attractive for numerous reasons (e.g., long life and educed energy consumption), but they must still overcome the hurdle of cost to gain wider acceptance for applications in the various process industries.

Chemical Behavior of Platinum Plated and Titanium:-

Platinum is preferred on an anode's outer surface because it is highly resistant to corrosion and can ensure current flow in most electrolyte media without leading to the formation of an insulating layer on itself. Because it doesn’t corrode, it doesn’t produce corrosion products and hence the consumption rate is very low.

Platinum is inert in fused salts and acids, whereas it is dissolved in aqua regia. There is no risk of hydrogen embrittlement. It is one of the few rare metals that perfectly resist chlorides of seawater.

Titanium shows reasonably good resistance to a marine environment (seawater in particular). It does not react with concentrated (80%) solutions of metallic chlorides. However, it is susceptible to attack by hydrofluoric acid (HF) and hot hydrochloric acid (HCl) of higher concentrations. Even hydrogen peroxide and hot nitric acid can attack titanium. Oxidizing agents normally do not attack titanium because it readily forms a protective oxide coating. However, non-oxidizing substances such as sulfuric acid (above 5% concentration) and phosphoric acid (above 30%) can attack titanium. From a hydrogen embrittlement point of view, titanium fares better than tantalum as an anode material.

Benefits of Platinised Titanium Electrode:-

Platinum has the advantages of electrochemical inertness, mechanical strength, workability and favorable electrical conductivity. However, it is prohibitively expensive. Development of platinum on titanium and platinum on tantalum (plated) materials has opened up the feasibility of using these for anode materials for Electro Plating, metal finishing and cathodic protection systems in critical applications.

HARD CHROME PLATING ANODE - PLATINUM PLATED ANODES - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinum or platinised anode for Hard Chrome Plating process. Electro plating Electrodes [Anodes or Cathodes] are available with hanging hook, frame or band in the form of sheet, expanded mesh, pipe, rod and custom built. 

Platinised titanium Platinised Niobium anodes provide a cost effective replacement for lead anodes in hard chromium plating. They provide superior quality deposition and consistency resulting in increased productivity and throughput. Cost benefit analysis demonstrates that the higher initial investment in this technology can be recouped within a short period of time.

Benefits of Platinised Titanium Anodes for Hard Chromium Plating:

Long life, dimensionally stable and easily fabricated into any shape:  Whereas titanium anodes are dimensionally stable throughout their operating life and can easily be manufactured, even in complex shapes and lengths, up to 4m. Consequently, shaped anodes can be manufactured very accurately to allow consistent plating to small tolerances, often making a further honing step unnecessary.

Homogeneous and long-lasting active surface: Platinised titanium anodes operated correctly, remain deposit free and therefore perform constantly well throughout the whole anode life.

Energy savings with shaped anodes and small anode/cathode distances: platinised titanium anodes can provide energy savings both in heating and cooling which, in turn, allows the plating chemistry to be easier to manage and maintain.

Mesh anodes provide excellent throwing and can be used at high current densities: In electrolysis, corners and edges are preferred reaction sites; an expanded mesh has edges evenly distributed across the anode surface, thus producing uniform current density and excellent plating results.

Easier handling and recoating: Positioning of lead anodes for optimising chrome plating is often awkward due to their weight, whereas spot welded or bolted mesh anodes are very light by comparison and allow safer and easier handling. Furthermore, they can be easily removed and / or replaced whenever necessary. This often allows a re-use of expensive anode materials and designs, and reduces operational costs.

PLATINUM PLATED TITANIUM SHEET ELECTRODES FOR IONIZED WATER - TIAANO MANUFACTURER AND SUPPLIER OF PLATINISED TITANIUM ANODES AND PLATINIZED NIOBIUM ANODES

Tiaano manufacturing different sizes and Shapes of platinised Titanium Electrodes (Positive Electrode and Negative Electrode) for water ionizers. The essential components of the ionization chamber are its two collecting electrodes, (the anodes and cathodes) the anode is positively charged with respect to the cathode.

The ionizer uses grade 1 titanium electrodes to be plated (Anodes and cathodes are plated) with a good electrical conductor with longevity built to last 10 years that will also not dissolve during electrolysis. Stainless steel was used for Water Ionizer electrodes in the late 1980's and was found not be a suitable material because they did not last more than a few years. The industry began using titanium platinum-coated Anode in the early 1990's because of its design life.

Water Ionizer (Ionization) Electrodes Types:-

Platinised Titanium Mesh Anode and Platinised Titanium Mesh Cathode

Platinized Titanium Sheet / Flat Anode and Platinized Titanium Sheet / Flat Cathode

Platinum Coated Titanium Perforated Sheet Anode and Platinum Coated Titanium Perforated Sheet Cathode

Platinum activated Titanium Slotted Sheet Anode and Platinum activated Titanium Slotted Sheet Cathode

Platinum deposited Titanium Rod Anode and Platinum deposited Titanium Rod Cathode

Platinum Titanium Seamless Tube Anode and Platinum Titanium Seamless Cathode

 

Specification for Water Ioniser (Water Ionisation) Electrodes:-

Electrode: Platinised Titanium Anode and Platinised Titanium Cathode

Substrate Grade (Titanium): 1 or 2 (as per ASTM Standard)

Substrate Shape (Titanium): Expanded mesh, Sheet or Flat, Rod, Tube etc…

Substrate Purity (Titanium): 99%

Catalyst Purity (Platinum): 99.99%

Platinum Thickness: 0.5 Micron or 1.0 Micron or 2 Micron (Based on Water Condition)

Assembly: 2 Plates, 3 plates, 5 plates and 7 plates & 9 plates

Dimension: Standard Size or custom made